Milestone 1  Maths 

To know and use numbers  Counting 
• Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number. • Count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens. • Given a number, identify one more and one less. • Count in steps of 2, 3, 5 and 10 from 0 or 1 and in tens from any number, forward and backward. 
Representing 
• Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line. • Read and write numbers initially from 1 to 20 and then to at least 100 in numerals and in words. 

Comparing 
• Use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most and least. • Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs. 

Place value  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a twodigit number (tens, ones).  
Solving problems  • Use place value and number facts to solve problems.  
To add and subtract  Complexity 
• Solve onestep problems with addition and subtraction: • Using concrete objects and pictorial representations including those involving numbers, quantities and measures. • Using the addition (+), subtraction () and equals (=) signs. • Applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods. 
Methods 
• Add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including: • Onedigit and twodigit numbers to 20, including zero. • A twodigit number and ones. • A twodigit number and tens. • Two twodigit numbers. • Adding three onedigit numbers. • Show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot. 

Checking  • Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.  
Using number facts 
• Represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20. • Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100. 

To multiply and divide  Complexity  • Solve onestep problems involving multiplication and division by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher. 
Methods 
• Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (.), division (÷) and equals (=) signs. • Show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot. • Solve problems involving multiplication and division using mental methods. 

Checking  • Use known multiplication facts to check the accuracy of calculations.  
Using multiplication and division facts 
• Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables. • Recognise odd and even numbers. • Use multiplication and division facts to solve problems. 

Fractions (including decimals, percentages, ratio and proportion)  Recognising fractions 
• Recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity. • Recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity. • Recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/2, 1/4, 2/4 and 3/4 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity. 
Equivalence  • Recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2.  
Solving problems  • Write simple fractions for example, 1/2 of 6 = 3.  
To understand the properties of shapes 
• Recognise and name common 2D and 3D shapes. • Identify and describe the properties of 2D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line. • Identify and describe the properties of 3D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces. • Identify 2D shapes on the surface of 3D shapes. • Compare and sort common 2D and 3D shapes and everyday objects. 

To describe position, direction and movement 
• Describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half, quarter and threequarter turns. • Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences. • Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and threequarter turns (clockwise and anticlockwise). 

To use measures 
• Compare, describe and solve practical problems for: •lengths and heights. •mass/weight. •capacity and volume. •time. • Measure and begin to record: •lengths and heights. •mass/weight. •capacity and volume. •time. (hours, minutes, seconds). • Recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes. • Sequence events in chronological order using language. • Recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years. • Tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times. • Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels. • Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =. • Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value. • Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money. • Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change. • Compare and sequence intervals of time. • Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times. • Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day. 

To use statistics 
• Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables. • Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity. • Ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data. 

To use algebra  • Solve addition and subtraction problems involving missing numbers. 